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 POMPEI PAESTUM
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POMPEI PAESTUM
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Duration: 8-9 hours

From Eur 400,00 and depends by the type of vehicle and pick up location

Included: English speaking driver, fuel, tolls parking fees and taxes
Not included: entrance fees, private guides, and lunch

Pompei was founded by Greek colonist called OSCANS, in around the 6th centuries BC. In the 5th century it went under the Samnite control and is during this time that it got a remarkable growth, forming the historical centre whose remains are still visible. A few centuries later, Rome had begun its gradual advance towards south Italy, and in the 80 BC, the city became a Roman Colony, with name CORNELIA VENERIA POMPEII. Under the Romans, the city continued to expand and develop in every sector. All the activities linked to trade and maritime traffic, that increased the prestige and the prosperity of the city. On august 24thof the year 79 AD, the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius buried the city under 6 meters of ash and lapilli (24 feet). The inhabitants, who for the most part went in the direction of the coast, were suffocated by the fumes and gases, others met death in their own homes.After the ash covered the city, it was abandoned and even the name and locations were forgotten. Only in early 1600 accidently they finded the ruins of this city, the excavations started in 1748 and up today, the 2/3 of the city is been excavated. Today, Pompei is considered the most important archaeological site in Europe, with approximately 3 milion visitors a year.
Official guide is suggested and available on request at extra cost of Eur 120,00

The town of Paestum was founded by the Greeks around the 650 BC. It was called POSEIDONIA because dedicated to Poseidon, the God of sea. In the 400 BC this town was occupied by an Italian population called Lucans, they ruled the town till the 273 BC when it became a Roman Colony and renamed in PAESTUM. With fall of the Roman Empire was olso the decline of Paestum, and little by little all the area became quite unhealthy. The malaria had already spread all over the place and the built up area became marshy. However, these magnificen ruins were preserved by marshes and woods, which prevented them from being destroyed. This old town was discovered in 1750 when they were building the modern road.The main attraction of this site are the remains of three Greek temples, considered the best preserved in all the Magna Graecia:
1)The Temple of Hera is the oldest of the three temples, built about 550 BC. It is sometimes called the Basilica, based on an error of earlier archaeologists in thinking it was a Roman public building. 
2)The Temple of Neptune (or Apollo or Hera II) next door dates from 450 BC and is the most complete of the three - everything remains intact except the roof and parts of the inner walls. It has double rows of columns. On the east side are remains of two altars, one large and one smaller. The smaller one was added by the Romans when they cut through the larger altar to build a road to the forum. Statues around the larger altar may indicate that Apollo was patron of the temple. Another possible dedication is Hera, like the onenext to it. 
3)The Temple of Ceres (or Athena) was built in c.500 BC in a transitional style between Ionic and early Doric. It was later used as a Christian church, as indicated by three Christian tombs discovered in the floor.
Next to the famous temples, is the entrance to the archaeological museum which contains all the artifacts found during the excavations of the city, including the famous TOMB OF THE DIVER found in a Necropolis outside the city. On september 1943, during the Allied invasion of Italy, Paestum was the lending beach for the US 36th infantry Division. A visit to the temples and museum, takes two hours.

Officia guide si suggested and available on request at extra cost of Eur 120,00

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